Synonyms for salisb or Related words with salisb
Examples of "salisb"
In 1796, "Iris officinalis"
. was published by
in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton Vol.43. But this was later classed as "Iris florentina".
The precise number of "Scilla" species in the genus depends on which proposals to split the genus are accepted. For a discussion of the relationship of "Scilla" to the closely related genus, "Chionodoxa", see that page. Other proposals separate particularly the Eurasian species into a number of smaller genera such as "Othocallis"
., e.g. "Scilla siberica" would become "Othocallis siberica".
It was also published with an illustration in the Botanical magazine 1130 of 1808. In 1812, Richard Anthony Salisbury published the iris as "Iris fragrans"
. in Trans. Hort. Soc. London Vol.1 page 303. But this name is illegal by most authors due to plagiarism accusations about Salisbury.
The species name refers to the fragrant flowers, while the English name derives from a perceived resemblance of the stem to a corn ("Zea mays") stalk. Synonyms include "Aletris fragrans" L. (basionym), "Cordyline fragrans" (L.) Planch., "Pleomele fragrans" (L.)
., "Sansevieria fragrans" (L.) Jacq., "Dracaena deremensis" Engl., "Dracaena smithii" Hook.f., and "Dracaena ugandensis" Baker. Other English names include striped dracaena (for variegated cultivars), corn plant (for the cultivar 'Massangeana';), Chinese money tree, and fortune plant.
In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Colchicaceae. The genus previously included five species in North America, but these have been separated as the genus "Prosartes" D.Don and moved to the family Liliaceae in accordance to differences in karyology and chemistry as well as results from molecular systematic investigations. The type species is "Disporum pullum"
., which is a synonym of "Disporum cantoniense".
It has a complicated taxonomic history; initially named as "Banksia teretifolia" by Richard Salisbury, then taxonomically correctly as "Hakea glabra" by Heinrich Schrader in 1797 in his newly described genus "Hakea". "Conchium longifolium" was another subsequent name and Antonio José Cavanilles called it "Hakea pugioniformis". The original specific epithet "teretifolia" is derived from the Latin "teres" "rounded" and "folium" "leaf". The full name for the species is therefore "Hakea teretifolia" (
Baeometra is a genus in the family Colchicaceae containing a single species, Baeometra uniflora. It is native to South Africa, where it is commonly called beetle lily due to the dark markings on the tepals. The genus was erected when the British botanist Richard Salisbury described the species ""Baeometra columellaris"" in 1812, although the plant had already been discovered, described and painted in 1793 by the Austrian botanist Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin under the name "Melanthium uniflorum". The correct name for the species was thus settled in 1941 by the South African botanist Gwendolyn Lewis to be "Baeometra uniflora" (
.) G.J.Lewis. The epithet means "single-flowered", which is contradicted by the fact that the stem usually bears at least two yellowish flowers.
"Leucojum aestivum" (Summer snowflake) has a wider natural range, taking in Europe (including the British Isles), southwest Asia and northern Iran, and growing in wetter habitats including damp woodland, riversides and swamps. Despite its common name it flowers from April to May, though later than the Spring Snowflake. It is a taller plant than "Leucojum vernum", growing to around 60 cm (2 ft), but its flowers are smaller and are carried in an umbel of between three and seven. Its fleshy seed pods are inflated, allowing them to be dispersed by flood water. "Leucojum aestivum" subsp. "pulchellum" (
.) Briq., native to the western Mediterranean Basin, is smaller: 20 cm (8 in), and flowers 2 weeks earlier, "i.e.", from mid-March.
While many "Banksia" species have undergone much taxonomic change since publication, the distinctive "B. ericifolia" has remained largely unchanged as a species concept. Consequently, the species has no taxonomic synonyms; it does, however, have three nomenclatural synonyms. The first synonym, "Banksia phylicaefolia"
, was published by the English botanist Richard Anthony Salisbury in his 1796 "Prodromus stirpium in horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium". It was intended as a replacement name for "B. ericaefolia", but Salisbury gave no reason why such a replacement was necessary. The name was therefore superfluous, and hence illegitimate. The second synonym arose from Otto Kuntze's 1891 challenge of the name "Banksia" L.f., on the grounds that "Banksia" J.R.Forst & G. Forst had been published before it, for the genus now known as "Pimelea". Kuntze transferred all "Banksia" species to the new genus name "Sirmuellera", in the process publishing "Sirmuellera ericifolia" (L.f.) Kuntze. The challenge failed, however; indeed, his entire treatise was widely rejected. Finally, in 1905 James Britten mounted a similar challenge, proposing to transfer all "Banksia" species into "Isostylis"; "B. ericifolia" L.f. thus becoming "Isostylis ericifolia" L.f. (Britten). This challenge also failed.
For many years in New South Wales, the wallum banksia had gone by the scientific name of "Banksia serratifolia". Richard Anthony Salisbury had published this binomial name in 1796, which was followed by Otto Kuntze, and then Karel Domin in 1921. Botanist and banksia authority Alex George conclusively established "aemula" as the correct name to be used in his 1981 revision of the genus. He pointed out that Salisbury's original described the leaves only, was insufficient to diagnose the species and is hence a "nomen dubium"—the description could have fit juvenile leaves of "B.paludosa" as well. In fact, Brown himself had been unsure whether "serratifolia" applied to what he called "Banksia aemula". Salisbury's taxon appeared as "Banksia serraefolia" in Knight's 1809 work "On the cultivation of the plants belonging to the natural order of Proteeae", but that entry might also refer to "serrata". Where Salisbury got his material is unclear, but John White had sent material to James Edward Smith now held in the Linnean Society marked as "B.serratifolia"
. as well as "B.aemula" R.Br.
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