Synonyms for seuerling or Related words with seuerling
Examples of "seuerling"
was the daughter of Carl Gottfried
, actors and directors of a travelling theatre company. She became blind at the age of four due to an incompetent smallpox vaccination. Four years later, at the age of eight, she contracted smallpox, and the scars made people consider her ugly, which made her shy.
retired in 1813 and died in Helsingfors seven years later.
returned to Sweden in 1823, and died five years later.
had seven children. She was the mother of the blind singer and harpsichordist Charlotta
, whom she sent to Stockholm for education, where she made great success in the salons. Her older daughter, Carolina Fredrika
, was also an actress, but she married a vicar in 1789. During the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia 1808–09, she performed at the frontiers, sometimes with Swedish consent, sometimes with Russian. When Finland was conquered by Russia in 1809, she stayed on.
He married his colleague Margareta Maria Fabritz in 1742. His theatre troupe was taken over by his son-in-law Carl
in 1768, and later by his daughter, Margareta
. He and his spouse continued to play in their son-in-law's theatre until the 1780s.
He was allowed to found a permanent theatre house in Turku in 1813. This was the first theatre house in Finland, which made Bonuvier a pioneer; previously, theatre in Finland had been conducted by travelling theatre troupes from Sweden - the Stenborg Troupe, the troupe of Martin Nürenbach, the
troupe; in 1795, the
troupe had become the first troupe active permanently in Finland under the leadership of Margareta
, but Bonuvier was the first to found a permanent theatre building. It was replaced by Åbo Svenska Teater in 1837.
Inspired by her ability to learn, Borg founded the first Institute for blind and deaf in Sweden (1808).
was his first student, and she is sometimes regarded as the first blind student of her country.
In 1808, Borg held a demonstration during which
displayed her ability and talent in reading and writing, playing the harp and clavichord, read notes, speak French and German, as well as weaving, sewing and knitting. During this time period in history, blind and deaf people were often suspected to be unable to educate, and the demonstration of Charlotta
was of great help to the institute. Her ability attracted attention, and a lot of the support of the newly founded institute is attributed to her.
Nürenbach was the son-in-law of the theatre director-couple Carl Gottfried
and brother-in-law of Charlotta
. He is listed as a member in the Stenborg Troupe in a passport to Uppsala in 1767, and 1767–68 as a member of the
troupe. He was then active as "dancing master of the city" in Gothenburg, before he performed and instructed pupils in acrobatics and dance in companionship with "The Worldfamous Madame Stuart" from Scotland in Oslo in Norway in July 1770. In the end of 1770, he was a member of a Norwegian theatre troupe. In 1771, he was given permission to open the first theatre in Oslo, and during the 1771–1772 season, he was director for the first theatre house to offer plays in Norwegian by Norwegian actors in Norway. Previously, the Norwegian theatre troupes all played as travelling theatres. Unfortunately, the names of thes actors are unknown. This theatre closed down in 1772 after only one season, when the theatre-ban from 1738 was reintroduced in Norway, but has its place in the history of Norway as its first theatre, and the act for which Nürenbach is famous. In 1780, the Amateur Theatre Det Dramatiske Selskap replaced it, but Oslo and Norway had to wait for a permanent theatre until 1826 when the first version of the Christiania Theatre (first under a different name) was founded by Johan Peter Strömberg.
The harp of Charlotte
is kept at Stockholm Music Museum; also letters and poems written by her hand is kept. Among her writings are also kept a writing test, which is the oldest expample of blind text in Sweden, written with a writing device constructed for the blind before Braille, kept at Kungliga biblioteket.
Turku was during Finland's age as a part of Sweden the centre of Finland, and the rapid development of the theatre in Sweden during the age of king Gustav III of Sweden arose the interest for theatre also in Finland. Swedish travelling theatre troupes visited the city from the 18th-century and forwards, such as the Stenborg Troupe in the 1760s, the troupe of Carl Gottfried
in the 1780s and the troupe of Margareta
, who became the first theatre troupe permanently residing in Finland; and in 1813, the first theatre house was founded by K. G. Bonnevier by permission of the Russian czar (as Finland had then became a part of Russia), were his troupe performed until 1827.
In 1792, her husband retired to his property outside Örebro, where the parents of Margareta also settled, and the troupe was taken over by actor Johan Peter Lewenhagen; however, Lewenhagen was threatened with the confiscating of his licence when he played the La Marseillaise for the audience in the pauses, and when Carl
died in 1795, Margareta
took over the troupe as their director. She left Sweden and toured around in Finland, where they were no theatre and where she spent the rest of her career. She could be regarded as the founder of the first Finnish theatre tradition; Swedish troupes had performed in Finland before, such as the Stenborg troupe in the 1760s, and her husband's troupe in the 1780s, but this had been temporary; her troupe was, though a travelling troupe, stationed in Finland. Her troupe performed in Turku during 1803.
He founded "Allmänna institutet för Blinda och Döfstumma" (The Public Institute of the Blind and Deaf) in Stockholm in 1809 with protection from the Queen, Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte. His perhaps most famous student was Charlotta
. The school had deaf teachers, and the education was given by sign language. He made a trip to Portugal in 1823–28, where he founded a school for the deaf; thereby, Portugal was given the same manual alphabet as Sweden.
Charlotta Antonia "Charlotte Antoinette"
(1782/84 – 25 September 1828), was a blind Swedish concert singer, harpsichordist, composer and poet, known as "The Blind Song-Maiden". She was active in Sweden, Finland and Russia. Her last name is also spelled as "Seijerling" and "Seyerling". Her first name was Charlotta Antoinetta (or Antonia), but in the French fashion of the time, she was often called Charlotte Antoinette. She was the author of the popular song "Sång i en melankolisk stund".
Margareta (or Margaretha)
, née Lindahl, (1747–1820), was a Swedish actress and Theatre director in a travelling theatre company, perhaps the most known travelling actress of her time in Scandinavia, active in both Sweden and Finland. She was one of the first, perhaps the very first, to introduce secular theatre in Finland; her family and its company represents a large part of the theatre-history in Sweden and Finland.
On 5 July 1809, Borg held a public exam for his pupils in front of five hundred guests, among them the queen, Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp. Charlotta
performed her own song: "I, who does not enjoy the pleasure to see the treasured Queen". Upon this, the queen complimented her, and Charlotta, entirely in the taste of the time, dropped her harp and fainted with happiness. She won a great success. The scene was described in a poem by Gustaf Snoilsky: "Upon this the blind songmaiden was moved / and by her gratitute stagger...", which made her known as the "Songmaiden".
wrote the song "Sång i en melankolisk stund" (English: Song in a Moment of melancholy) for harp music. The song was very popular in Sweden during the entire 19th century. It teams depression, suicide and betrayal, but also of the happiness of friendship and the hope it gives, interpreted as her own feelings when she was given tuition by Pär Aron Borg and her life changed. It begins: "No ray of light shine from above, the night was terrifying and darkness surrounded me...", and ends: "...then as the first ray of dawn a light broke through the mist and friendship came; and with its radiance calm and joy filled my heart."
After the death of her father in 1795, her mother took sole charge of the theatre and moved to Finland, where the competition was small, to tour as the director of her troupe. She sent her daughter to Stockholm to have an eye-operation by the famous doctors Rislachi and af Bjerkèn, that was promised to give her eyesight back. The operation, however, failed, and as
did not have the money to join her mother in Finland. She was thereby forced to stay in a boardinghouse for poor women.
As a child, she contributed to the household by singing songs she had composed herself to the music of the harp in her parents' theatre. She was widely advertised as a wonder: the singing and music-making blind child. She also played the guitar. Her father was very ambitious and upheld a high standard in the plays at his theatre company, often performing famous plays from the continent, such as plays by Shakespeare. Her mother was a good actress who became the first Swedish speaking Julia in Romeo and Juliet in Norrköping in 1776. They toured in both Sweden and Finland, and even performed at the Swedish court on at least one occasion. They were popular among the public, but often had financial difficulties and problems with irregular staff - during periods of staff-shortage they were forced to use dolls on stage. Charlotta's sister Carolina Fredrika
was also an actress, but she married a vicar in 1789 and retired.
In 1768, her father's troupe was taken over by her husband, the German actor Carl Gottfried
, whom she married the same year; his little German troop had united with her father's in about 1760. After this, they performed a lot in Stockholm, and also in Finland, especially between 1780–1790, where they were among the first theatre-troupes to perform. Her husband was very ambitious and upheld a high standard in the plays, often performing famous plays from the continent, such as plays by Molière, Holberg and Shakespeare, and she became the first Swedish-speaking Juliet in "Romeo and Juliet" in Norrköping on 5 August 1776, and they also performed the first play by Calderon in the Swedish language in 1784.
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