Synonyms for shivta or Related words with shivta
Examples of "shivta"
(, ), is an ancient city in the Negev Desert of Israel located 43 kilometers southwest of Beersheba.
was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in June 2005.
The wine presses at
give an insight into the scale of wine production at the time. According to the calculations of archaeologists, the Nabatean/Byzantine village of
produced about two million liters of wine.
A. Segal, Architectural Decoration in Byzantine
, BAR Inter. Ser. 420, Oxford 1988.
A. Segal, The Byzantine City of
(Esbeita), Negev Desert, Israel, BAR Inter. Ser. 179, Oxford 1983
The Israeli Artillery Corps holds its basic training, commanders course and officers school at the Field Artillery School (, "Bislat"), better known as
, after the ancient Nabataean town of the same name.
Ramat Negev contains many tourist sites, particularly archaeological ruins including the ancient incense route cities of Avdat, Haluza, Nitzana,
(three of them now a World Heritage site), as well as some of the Makhteshim.
In 1933-34, American archaeologist Harris D. Colt conducted a dig at
. The house he lived in bears an inscription in ancient Greek that reads: “With good luck. Colt built (this house) with his own money."
Throughout the Upper City there is variable soft rock geology present. Reference "Figure 3". The Nezer Formation (Kun) and the
Formation (Kush) were deposited in the Upper Cretaceous time period. The Nezer Formation consists of limestone, dolomite, marl and some chert with sporadic evidence of sand and fossils. The age of the Nezer Formation is Turonian. The
Formation is composed of, "limey dolomite and forms a typical cliff morphology with many caves". The age of the
Formation is Turonian as well. From looking at the zoomed in map of the Old City ("Figure 1"), it is obvious that Siebenberg House is located within the Kun Formation. From analyzing the underground excavation there was also evidence of limestone karstification into Terra Rosa rock.
Long considered a classic Nabataean town on the ancient spice route, archaeologists are now considering the possibility that
was a Byzantine agricultural colony and a way station for pilgrims en route to the Saint Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula.
Three Byzantine churches (a main church and two smaller churches), 2 wine-presses, residential areas and administrative buildings have been excavated at
. After the Arab conquest in the 7th century CE, the population dwindled. It was finally abandoned in the 8th or 9th Century CE.
Since the 1980s, a site near
in the Negev desert has been designated as the future location of a nuclear power plant. Previously, a site near Nitzanim was considered but was rejected in the 1970s due to strong opposition from nearby residents.
Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev - The Negev incense route located between Jordan's Petra and Palestine's Gaza, the Nabataeans have built many fortresses, caravanserai but especially known for their four important cities of Avdat, Mamshit,
, and Haluza that located on this important trade route, the Negev Incense Route is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev site comprises the Negev, southern Israel, which connected Arabia to the Mediterranean in the Hellenistic-Roman period. During the period from 300 BC to 200 AD, four towns which prospered in the Negev Desert were Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit, and
. These were linked directly with the Mediterranean terminus of both the Incense Road and spice trade routes. During the peak period of prosperity the route included cities, Qanat irrigation systems, fortresses, and caravanserai
town is in the central Negev and has not been fully excavated. The finds unearthed so far have revealed remnants of double and triple storied houses, churches with apses, roads, a residence of the governor, a town square, a farm, wine presses, and many more. The building material used in construction of the buildings is limestone. There is no compound wall enclosing the village.
Four towns in the Negev Desert, which flourished during the period from 300 BC to 200 AD, are linked directly with the Mediterranean terminus of both the Incense Road and spice trade routes: Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit, and
. As a group, these desert cities demonstrate the lucrative trade in frankincense and myrrh that took place from Yemen in south Arabia to the port of Gaza on the Mediterranean. At its height, the route included cities, Qanat irrigation systems, fortresses, and caravanserai. Vestiges of these works are still visible, and demonstrate the use of the desert for commerce and agriculture.
Haluza (), also known as Halasa, Chellous ("Χελλοὺς" in Greek, although in the 6th-century Madaba Map the town appears as "ΕΛΟΥCΑ"), Elusa, al-Khalasa and al-Khalūṣ (Arabic), is a city in the Negev, Israel, that was once part of the Nabataean Incense Route. Due to its historic importance, UNESCO declared Haluza a World Heritage Site along with Mamshit, Avdat and
. The city is one of the two main potential locations for the Biblical city of Ziklag, "Ziklag" being considered in this case a corruption of "Halusah", meaning "fortress". In Saadia Gaon's Judeo-Arabic translation of the Pentateuch, the biblical town of Gerar is associated with Haluza (Judeo-Arabic: אלכ'לוץ = "al-Khalūṣ").
Prof. Segal was involved in a few major archaeological projects, such as excavations along the southern wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (1968-1969), survey and excavations of the Byzantine city of
in the Negev Desert (1978-1982), excavations of the Late Hellenistic-Early Roman fortress in the area of kibbutz Sha'ar-Ha'Amakim in Northern Israel (1984-1998). In 2000 he initiated and headed an international excavation project at Hippos-Sussita of the Decapolis, a Roman-Byzantine city located above the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee (the Kinneret Lake). During the first twelve seasons (2000-2011) substantial parts of the centre of this city have been exposed.
The network of the Incense Route consisted of trade routes that encompassed towns and cities in a stretch of more than . The site covers an area of with an additional buffer zone of . The Mediterranean was the first link on this route in the Negev Desert to the southern part of Israel in a route of length, with Moa on the eastern border and with Jordan to Haluza on the northwestern side. The entire route was benefited by the trade and villages prospered with innovative irrigation systems. Agricultural development was distinctly visible in the four villages of Haluza, Mamshit, Avdat and
, and in the four fortresses; and the caravanserai of Moa and Saharonim facilitating the stay of the traders. The site nominated on the World Heritage List covers the land features of the area and a route length of from Petra to Gaza covering Avdat and Moa towns, further north of Haluza town; to the west of the route, the
town; Mamshit town between Petra and Damascus. The Nabateans, settlers in the area, developed sophisticated irrigation practices and they were also pastorals dependent on livestock development of sheep, cattle, and goats. They domesticated camels which they used extensively as caravans on the incense route.
The 4th century BC arrival of the Nabateans resulted in the development of irrigation systems that supported new urban centers located along the Negev incense route at Avdat, Mamshit,
, Haluza (Elusa), and Nitzana. The Nabateans controlled the trade on the spice route between their capital Petra and the Gazan seaports. Nabatean currency and the remains of red and orange potsherds, identified as a trademark of their civilization, have been found along the route, remnants of which are also still visible. Nabatean control of the Negev ended when the Roman empire annexed their lands in 106 AD. The population, largely made up of Arabian nomads, remained largely tribal and independent of Roman rule, with an animist belief system.
In 1953 the Knesset passed the Wildlife Protection Law (חוק הגנת חיות-הבר) and the Minister of Agriculture was appointed for its implementation. In 1955, the department for the improvement of the country's landscape (המחלקה לשיפור נוף הארץ) was established in the Israeli Prime Minister's Office, which was assigned the establishment of tourist infrastructure. The department established a number of well-known national parks, such as Gan HaShlosha, Caesarea,
and Avdat. Following the ecologically disastrous drying of Lake Hula and the resulting public pressure, the Hula Reserve was established in 1964, which was the first declared nature reserve in Israel. In 1963 the Knesset approved the "National parks and nature reserves act" (חוק הגנים הלאומיים ושמורות הטבע), whose legislation process had already began in 1956. As a result, two authorities were established: the National Parks Authority and the Nature Reserves Authority. In 1998 the two authorities were merged into one body - Israel Nature and Parks Authority.
Copyright © 2017