Synonyms for spring_salamander_gyrinophilus or Related words with spring_salamander_gyrinophilus

porphyriticus              lucifugus              dendrohyrax              typhlichthys              elegantulus              bog_lemming_synaptomys              forcipatus              melanoscaphus              austrinus              rangiana              albagula              sicista              terdigitata              snake_heterodon              blackbelly_salamander              stigmosus              obesulus              savanna_gerbil              betulina_lr_nt              stridulus              subfamily_dipodinae              cricket_frog_acris              lc_subfamily_tolypeutinae_genus              euoticus              couperi              desert_horned_lizard              spinaeschna              guttulus              sicistinae_genus              pygmy_mouse_baiomys              niveiventris              cabassous_unicinctus              tamandua_mexicana              thorybes              hypsugo_savi_pipistrelle_hypsugo              gyrinophilus              glaucidium_passerinum              inexpectatus              six_lined_racerunner              arnoux_beaked_whale_berardius              holsinger_vu              elwesi              microhydromys              watersnake_nerodia              olingo              notiothemis              rubriventris              hubricht_mackin              microscaphus              crotaphytus_collaris             



Examples of "spring_salamander_gyrinophilus"
The West Virginia spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus subterraneus") is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to West Virginia, the United States.
This salamander is known from caves in the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians of eastern Tennessee; its range is smaller than that of the spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus") and is completely inside it, and the two species sometimes inhabit the same cave systems.
The Cheat Mountain salamander ("Plethodon nettingi") is a species of small, threatened woodland salamander found only on Cheat Mountain, and a few nearby mountains, in the eastern highlands of West Virginia. It and the West Virginia spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus subterraneus") are the only vertebrate species with ranges restricted to that state.
The imitator salamander is not toxic, but is thought to be a Batesian mimic of the red-cheeked salamander ("Plethodon jordani"), a noxious species. Adult imitator salamanders hide during the day and emerge at night to forage for small invertebrates. They are probably preyed on by birds, mammals, snakes and the spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus").
The spring salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. The generic name, "Gyrinophilus", means "tadpole lover" and refers to the long period of time it spends as a gilled larva before maturing. The specific name, "porphyriticus", is Latin from Greek, meaning the color of porphyry, a purple stone, and this salamander has also been called the purple salamander.
Creatures that prey on the red-cheeked salamander include birds, the common garter snake ("Thamnophis sirtalis"), the blackbelly salamander ("Desmognathus quadramaculatus") and the spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus"). When attacked, it turns its tail towards the predator and emits a sticky, noxious mucus. It may bite the head of a snake or twine its tail round its head. Another defensive strategy is the autotomisation of its tail, which may leave the predator a tasty morsel while the salamander flees.
"D. organi" will overwinter in clusters underground in seepage areas, often communally. In 1959, James Organ uncovered as many as 649 individuals from a single nesting/hibernating site in a seep. During spring through fall, "D. organi" will be mostly active at night and when it rains, and will hunt small invertebrates such as mites, moths, small beetles, and spiders. Predators of "D. organi" may include the spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus"), larger "Desmognathus" species such as the blackbellied salamander ("D. quadromaculatus"), small snakes like the ringneck ("Diadophis punctatus"), carabid beetles, and birds.
Because of its small size and localized distribution around streams, the northern two-lined salamander is preyed upon by a variety of animals. Predators include birds, such as the eastern screech owl ("Otus asio"), snakes such as the eastern garter snakes ("Thamnophis sirtalis") and ringneck snakes ("Diadophis punctatus"). Other important predators of the northern two-lined salamander larvae are other salamanders, such as the large, stream-dwelling larvae of the northern spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus") and the blackbelly salamander ("Desmognathus quadramaculatus"). Response to a predator is variable in "E. bislineata" . Some individuals, when confronted with a garter snake, will remain motionless when contacted by the head of the snake, but would engage in a protean flip, where the tail is held over the body when contacted by the snake's tongue. Tail autotomy is common in "E. bislineata" , as a result of a struggle with a predator. Losing part of the tail increases the likelihood of surviving the encounter with a predator. In some populations, up to 32% of animals had autotomized tails.
Upon hatching, the gilled larva are about 10 mm long, and remain in slow-moving pools, or less frequently, hiding in crevices between rocks and boulders in swift-flowing streams. The larvae do not begin feeding until their yolk sacs are reabsorbed, at which point they begin to feed on benthic invertebrates by prowling the bottom of the stream. Typical prey items for northern two-lined salamander larvae include chironomid larvae and other dipteran larvae, stonefly larvae, cladocera, and copepods. Predators of the larvae are many, such as fish, crayfish, and other salamander larvae, such as the larger northern spring salamander ("Gyrinophilus porphyriticus"). The larval period of "E. bislineata" is variable depending on latitude. In the southern portion of their range, such as New York, metamorphosis occurs at 50 mm total length or two years old, while further north, such as in Quebec and likely Ontario, metamorphosis takes place at nearly 70 mm total length, or three years old. The larvae over-winter in deeper pools not prone to freezing.