Synonyms for spruceana or Related words with spruceana
Examples of "spruceana"
is a species of plant in the Calceolariaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador.
is a species of plant in the Aquifoliaceae family. It is endemic to Venezuela.
is a species of flowering plant in the Brassicaceae family.
Other terra firme trees include Brazil nut ("Bertholletia excelsa"), sucupira ("Bowdichia virgilioides") and rubber ("Hevea
is a species of plant in the Solanaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador.
Tree species include Piranhea trifoliata, Brazil nut ("Bertholletia excelsa"), rubber tree ("Hevea brasiliensis"), "Hevea
" and "Parkia pendula".
is a small, affixed subaquatic or terrestrial carnivorous plant that belongs to the genus "Utricularia" (family Lentibulariaceae). It is native to South America with distributions in Brazil and Venezuela. Peter Taylor had reduced this species to a synonym under "U. resupinata" in 1967 because the only difference between the specimens he examined at the time was the smaller size of "U.
". Other collections were made of both species after that publication and Taylor reestablished "U.
" based on these collections that displayed distinct differences between the species.
(Silver Tree) is a species of evergreen plant in the Urticaceae family, which grows up to 1 foot in height, with a spread of up to 1.5 feet.
The flooded savanna holds large grasses such as "Echinochloa polystachya", "Echinochloa spectabilis", "Hymenachne amplexicaulis", "Hymenachne donacifolia", "Leersia hexandra", "Paspalum platyaxix", "Luziola
", "Panicum elephantipes", "Paspalum fasciculatum" and several "Oryza" species.
" is a medium-sized, evergreen tree that sometimes develops a markedly swollen trunk, seemingly a response to periodical flooding. The leaves have three elliptical leaflets. The inflorescence is a panicle with separate male and female flowers; in contrast to other members of the genus, the flowers of "H.
" are purplish in colour. The usually three seeds are contained in a capsule with woody valves, but this does not break open explosively to expel the seeds as happens with other members of the genus.
is a species of rubber tree in the genus "Hevea", belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is native to the rainforests of northern Brazil and Guyana. It is named in honour of the English botanist Richard Spruce who spent the years 1849 to 1864 exploring the Amazon basin and sending botanical specimens back to Europe.
When the forest is flooded, the fruits of "H.
" ripen and fall into the water. They act as a magnet to tambaquis, large seed-eating fish in the piranha family, which cluster around the trees, consuming every fruit that drops. The seeds are crushed by their powerful jaws but inevitably, some seeds pass through the fish undamaged and are dispersed elsewhere. Two other members of the piranha family that also feed on the fruits are "Serrasalmus serrulatus" and "Pristobrycon striolatus". These fish are more selective, peeling the seeds and discarding the skins before breaking up and swallowing the kernels. Other fish that invade the flooded forest and are found near "H.
" are the flesh-eating piranhas, which feed on other fish, insects, birds and animals that have fallen into the water, sometimes supplementing this diet with the fruits and seeds of the rubber tree.
" is found in the Amazon basin, in a strip bordering the Amazon River and some of its tributaries. Its range extends for the length of the Amazon from its confluence with the Putumayo River as far as the Amazon delta, almost extending to the sea. This tree also grows beside the lower reaches of the Madeira River, the Rio Negro and other main Amazon tributaries. Its typical habitat is muddy islands and riverbanks in localities subject to frequent heavy flooding.
Each species has its own habitat requirements; "H. brasiliensis" grows on well-drained soils but tolerates light flooding; "H. guianensis", "H. pauciflora" and "H. rigidifolia" grow in well-drained soil, on high river banks and on slopes; and "H. camporum" grows on savannahs. Other species such as "H. benthamiana", "H. microphylla" and "H.
" need wetter conditions in locations subject to seasonal flooding for several months each year, and "H. nitida" grows both in periodically inundated swamps and in drier locations such as rocky hillsides well above the flood level.
"Tibouchina aspera" Aubl. is a subshrub with densely scaly indumentum on the stem, petiole, calyces and hypanthium. "T. aspera" was described in 1775 and is the type species of the genus "Tibouchina". There are currently three synonyms for this species: "Rhexia aspera" (Aubl.) Willd., "Tibouchina belizensis" Lundell, and "Tibouchina
" Cogn.. There are also two currently described varieties: "T. aspera" var. "asperrima" Cogn. and "T. aspera" var. "aspera". This species was described in 1775 based on a specimen from French Guiana which is currently kept in the herbarium at the Natural History Museum in London. It was found growing in dry, arid and sandy soil close to an abandoned home. In the original description of this species, it was suggested that this plant was inhaled to treat chest pain and dry coughs. Now, this species is known to be widely distributed in Central and South America, including in Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela, and in the Brazilian states of Amapá, Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Acre, Rondônia, Maranháo, and Mato Grosso. It is commonly found in the "cerrado", "campinas" and "restingas" in humid, sandy soil. In a study of the Melastomataceae of the Brazilian "restingas" in Pará, "T. aspera" was found in the herbaceous marsh, fields between dunes and open shrubby fields (Lima et al, 2014).
"Hevea" was first described as a genus in 1775 by the French botanist and explorer Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet. "H. brasiliensis" and "H. guianensis" are large trees, often reaching more than in height. Most of the other members of the genus are small to medium trees, and "H. camporum" is a shrub of around . Trees in this genus are either deciduous or evergreen. Certain species, namely "H. benthamiana", "H. brasiliensis" and "H. microphylla", bear "winter shoots", stubby side shoots with short internodes, scale leaves on the stem and larger leaves near the tip. On these, the leaves are shed leaving the tree bare before new shoots develop. The remaining species bear more vigorous side shoots which develop before the old foliage is shed and thus the tree remains green. The leaves consist of three, usually elliptical, leaflets which are held horizontally or slightly drooping in most species. The inflorescences have separate male and female flowers, with the females being at the end of the panicles. The fruits are capsules, usually with three seeds, which in all except two species ("H.
" and "H. microphylla") split explosively when ripe to eject the large seeds.
Copyright © 2017