Synonyms for tolowa or Related words with tolowa

karuk              yurok              wiyot              tewa              paipai              maidu              athabascan              odham              karok              takelma              washo              wintun              wailaki              yokuts              wappo              chimariko              quileute              kutenai              wintu              ktunaxa              konkow              hitchiti              molala              sahaptian              timbisha              chemehuevi              nisenan              chilula              tutelo              quechan              shoshoni              haisla              yuman              mikasuki              atsugewi              patwin              nomlaki              ahtna              kiliwa              shastan              missouria              wishram              akimel              keresan              tanaina              maiduan              havasupai              tohono              dogrib              sahaptin             



Examples of "tolowa"
In 1910, there were reportedly 150 Tolowa. The 1920 census listed 121 Tolowa left in Del Norte County, California. By 2009, there were approximately 1,000 Tolowa Indians.
Related to current locations, Tolowa people are members of several federally recognized tribes: Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation, Elk Valley Rancheria, Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Trinidad Rancheria, as well as the unrecognized Tolowa Nation.
Loren Bommelyn is Tolowa, Karuk, and Wintu. His mother, Eunice Bommelyn, was a prominent tribal genealogist, Tolowa language proponent and cultural advocate. He is a fluent speaker of the Tolowa language and taught for many years at Del Norte High School in Crescent City, California. He earned his master's degree in Linguistics from the University of Oregon. After years of studying with Tolowa elders, Bommelyn has published educational material about the Tolowa language. He played a role in convincing the University of California system accept Native American languages as part of its entrance requirements for world language. He has advocated the use of the Tolowa language in modern technology, including Facebook and texting.
Tolowa traditional narratives include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Tolowa people of Smith River area of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon.
They have traditionally spoken Taa-laa-wa Dee-ni' Wee-ya' (Tolowa Dee-ni' Language), the Tolowa language, one of the Athabaskan languages.
The Yontocket massacre or Burnt Ranch massacre was an 1853 massacre of Tolowa people at the village of Yontocket (Tolowa: yan’-daa-k’vt ), northwestern California.
The name "Tolowa" is derived from "Taa-laa-welh (Taa-laa-wa)," an Algic name given to them by the Yurok (Klamath River People), meaning "I speak Tolowa".
During construction of the new location, tensions between the whites and the Tolowa rose even further. Many of the whites wanted the government to evict the Tolowa, but the government did no such action and they began to take matters into their own hands. Settlers burned crops and harassed the Tolowa, who were told to get out or be killed. Approximately 500 Tolowa decided to leave, and the remaining 1,500 stayed only because the Army promised to keep the peace.
Eunice Xash-wee-tes-na Henry Bommelyn (February 6, 1927 – April 23, 2012) was an American Tolowa cultural advocate, Tolowa language proponent, and tribal historian. Bommelyn was the last living person to speak Tolowa as a native first language; Bommelyn led the effort to revive fluency and teach the language. She uncovered and recorded the genealogy of the Tolowa from the present to the 1790s. Her genealogical records are used to determine the membership and enrollment of the Smith River Rancheria, the federally recognized tribe of Tolowa people in Del Norte County, California. Bommelyn was the mother of Loren Bommelyn, a ceremonial leader and basket weaver.
Eunice Bommelyn joined the Inter-Tribal Council of California (ITCC). She was highly active in the preservation of Tolowa customs and language. She reintroduced the Nee-dash dance, which had been outlawed in 1923 along with other Tolowa indigenous religious ceremonies. The Nee-dash dance is now taught to Tolowa children. Bommelyn purchased the Jane Hostatlas allotment along the Smith River, which is still used for Tolowa ceremonies as of 2012. She taught Tolowa language classes. Bommelyn also handmade the only fishing nets which are still utilized by the Smith River Rancheria.
Three alphabets have been used since the formation of the Tolowa Dee-ni’ Language program, sponsored by the Del Norte Indian Welfare Association in 1969. The first was a "Tolowa version of the Uni-fon alphabet', written by hand. A new Practical Alphabet was devised in 1993 for purposes of typing on the computer. In 1997, Loren Bommelyn developed an alphabet which did not require a barred l or nasal hook characters called the Tolowa Dee-ni’ Alphabet (see previous section).
The Tolowa or Dee-ni’ population exceeded 10,000. In the 19th century, epidemics of new infectious diseases, such as smallpox, broke out among the Tolowa, resulting in high mortality. These occurred before they had face-to-face encounters with non-natives because of contact through intermediaries. In 1828 the American Jedediah Smith and his exploration party were the first known non-native to contact the Tolowa.
It is one of the languages of the "Oregon Athabaskan" (Tolowa–Galice) cluster of the Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages.
Peak Eight is a summit in Del Norte County, California, sacred to the Yurok, Karok and Tolowa tribes.
Tolowa Dunes State Park is a California State Park located in Del Norte County, on the North Coast of California.
The name "Karuk," also spelled "Karok," means "upriver people", or "upstream" people, and are called "Chum-ne" in Tolowa.
Loren Me’-lash-ne Bommelyn (born 1956) is a tradition bearer for the Tolowa tribe. He has dedicated himself to preserving the traditional songs, language, and basketry. He is the foremost ceremonial leader of the tribe, and its most prolific basketweaver. Bommelyn is an enrolled member of the federally recognized Tolowa Dee-ni' Nation and was elected as their tribal Chairperson.
The seven or more Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages are spoken in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. These include Applegate, Galice, several Rogue River area languages, Upper Coquille, Tolowa, and Upper Umpqua in Oregon; Eel River, Hupa, Mattole–Bear River, and Tolowa in northern California; and possibly Kwalhioqua-Clatskanie in Washington.
The Tolowa language (also called Chetco-Tolowa, or Siletz Dee-ni) is a member of the Pacific Coast subgroup of the Athabaskan language family. Together with three other closely related languages (Lower Rogue River Athabaskan, Upper Rogue River Athabaskan or Galice-Applegate and Upper Umpqua or Etnemitane) it forms a distinctive Oregon Athabaskan cluster within the subgroup.
Tolowa vowels have some degree of allophonicity. /u/ and /o/ are in free variation; /ɔ/ is an allophone of /a/ after palatals and velars; /ə/ is raised to /ɨ/ near palatals and to /ʉ/ before velars, and is nasalized (/ə̃/) before nasal consonants. In addition, Tolowa has three diphthongs: [ai], [au], and [ui].