Synonyms for uncitral or Related words with uncitral
Examples of "uncitral"
The "Case Law on
Texts" system is a collection of court decisions and arbitral awards interpreting
has adopted the following legislative guides:
rules on time of sending and receiving are:
The UIA collaborates with the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (
) and notably presented a proposition for the definition of a "center of principal interests" (articles 2b) and 16-3 of the
law on international insolvency.
A number of arbitral institutions have adopted the
Rules for use in international cases. See for example, Australia's adoption of the
Rules in its 6 July 2010 amendment to the 'International Arbitration Act 1974' (Cth).
On April 1, 2014, the
Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration entered into force. Article 3 foresees a general duty to publish all documents pertaining to an ISDS-procedure under
Rules, where the treaty establishing the ISDS-mechanism has been concluded after 1 April 2014 or where the parties so consent, subject to certain overwhelming confidentiality interests listed in Article 7. Original proposals to make all
arbitration under investment treaties public were not adopted after opposition by some states and by representatives of the arbitration industry who participated in the
working group negotiations as state representatives.
Conciliation Rules – UN Resolution 35/52 adopted by the General Assembly on 4 December 1980
carries out its work at annual sessions held alternately in New York City and Vienna.
Model Laws promote the unification of international commercial law. Some examples are the
Model Laws on:
He has represented Morocco at the annual sessions of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (
In 1996 the United Nations published the
Model Law on Electronic Commerce. Article 7 of the
Model Law on Electronic Commerce was highly influential in the development of electronic signature laws around the world, including in the US. In 2001,
concluded work on a dedicated text, the
Model Law on Electronic Signatures, which has been adopted in some 30 jurisdictions. The latest
text dealing with electronic signatures is article 9, paragraph 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, 2005, which establishes a mechanism for functional equivalence between electronic and handwritten signatures at the international level as well as for the cross-border recognition.
Note that there is a difference between the
"Model Law" on International Commercial Arbitration (1985) and the
"Arbitration Rules". On its website,
explains the difference as follows: "The
Model Law provides a pattern that law-makers in national governments can adopt as part of their domestic legislation on arbitration. The
Arbitration Rules, on the other hand, are selected by parties either as part of their contract, or after a dispute arises, to govern the conduct of an arbitration intended to resolve a dispute or disputes between themselves. Put simply, the Model Law is directed at States, while the Arbitration Rules are directed at potential (or actual) parties to a dispute."
The most prominent example of harmonisation in international law is
(United Nations Commission on International Trade Law).
Model Law on Conciliation – UN Resolution 57/18 adopted by the General Assembly on 24 January 2003
Conflict of laws in cyberspace is a major hurdle for harmonization of legal framework for e-commerce around the world. In order to give a uniformity to e-commerce law around the world, many countries adopted the
Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996).
Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency was a model law issued by the secretariat of
on 30 May 1997 to assist states in relation to the regulation of corporate insolvency and financial distress involving companies which have assets or creditors in more than one state.
A legislative guide aims to provide a detailed analysis of the legal issues in a specific area of the law, proposing efficient approaches for their resolution in the national or local context. Legislative guides do not contain articles or provisions, but rather recommendations. Legislative Guides are developed by the
Working Groups and subsequently finalized by the
Commission in its annual session.
The concept of modified universalism broadly underpins the
Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency, and the EC Insolvency Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings (Council Regulation (EC) No 1346/2000). Similarly, Chapter 15 of the US Bankruptcy Code (which is based upon the
Model Law) is heavily predicated on the concept of modified universalism.
On 19 August 1999, Ronald Lauder, majority owner of CME, which was in turn the majority owner of ČNTS, started
arbitration against the Czech Republic under the USA-CZ treaty ("London arbitration"). Meanwhile, on 22 February 2000, CME initiated parallel
arbitration proceedings against the Czech Republic under the NL-CZ treaty ("Stockholm arbitration").
Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration was prepared by
, and adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on 21 June 1985. In 2006 the model law was amended, it now includes more detailed provisions on interim measures.
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