Synonyms for vatke or Related words with vatke
Examples of "vatke"
Johann Karl Wilhelm
, known as Wilhelm
(March 14, 1806 – April 18, 1882), German Protestant theologian, was born at Behnsdorf, near Magdeburg. After acting as "Privatdozent" in Berlin, he was appointed in 1837 professor extraordinarius.
Canarina canariensis (L.)
. is a glabrous, glaucous, scrambling perennial herb in the bellflower family Campanulaceae, commonly known as the Canary bellflower, and known locally as Bicácaro.
The plant was first described in 1882, when it was given the name "Convolvulus oenotherae" by Georg Carl Wilhelm
. Johannes Gottfried Hallier subsequently classified the species as belonging to the "Ipomoea" genus in 1894.
was one of the founders of the newer Hexateuch criticism. In the same year in which David Strauss published his "Life of Jesus",
issued his book, "Die Religion des Alten Testaments nach den kanonischen Büchern entwickelt", which contained the seeds of a revolution in the ideas held about the Old Testament. Since, however, his book was too philosophical to be popular, the author's theories were practically unnoticed for a generation, and the new ideas are now associated especially with the names of Abraham Kuenen and Julius Wellhausen.
With Georg Carl Wilhelm
, he processed botanical specimens collected by Johann Maria Hildebrandt in Madagascar. He also worked with the Madagascar collections of Christian Rutenberg and the botanical specimens collected by Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander von Mechow and Eduard Teusz in the interior of Angola.
Georg Carl Wilhelm
(12 August 1849, Berlin – 6 April 1889, Berlin) was a German botanist who collected spermatophytes during 1868–1876 in Austria, Germany, Madagascar and Angola. He was an assistant at the botanical gardens in Berlin during 1876–1879, and later became a private scholar.
Cycloclavine is an ergot alkaloid. It was first isolated in 1969 from seeds of Ipomoea hildebrandtii
. The first total synthesis of (±)-cycloclavine was published in 2008 by Szántay. Further reports came from Wipf and Petronijevic, Cao and Brewer. In 2016, Wipf and McCabe completed an 8-step asymmetric synthesis of (-)-cycloclavine.
In the realm of politics he was a distinguished member of the "Fortschrittspartei" (Progressive Party). Along with art historian Heinrich Gustav Hotho, theologian Wilhelm
, philosopher Karl Ludwig Michelet and Agathon Benary, he was a prominent member of the liberal reform faction in regards to Hegelianism at Berlin.
He studied theology at the University of Basel as a pupil of Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette and Wilhelm Wackernagel, and where, with his good friend, Jacob Burckhardt, he tried his hand at poetry. In 1839 he relocated to the University of Berlin, where he was student of Wilhelm
. At Berlin, he engaged himself in studies of works by Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. In addition to Schleiermacher and Hegel, another important influence was a contemporary, the German theologian David Friedrich Strauss.
Kratz's work concentrates on the literary and redaction history of the Old Testament. With such research, he has revitalized an historical account of the Old Testament literature that traces back to Julius Wellhausen—Wellhausen himself having furthered theses already advanced by such figures as Wilhelm
, Eduard Reuss, Karl Heinrich Graf, and Abraham Kuenen. Kratz has also devoted considerable attention to ancient Near Eastern and Old Testament prophecy. Recently, however, he has focused more and more on the history of Judaism in the Persian and Hellenistic periods, especially in its manifestation at the communities of Elephantine and Qumran.
He taught with great regularity for over thirty years. The only interruptions occurred in 1813–1814, occasioned by the German War of Liberation (War of the Sixth Coalition), during which the university was closed, and those occasioned by two prolonged literary tours, first in 1820 to Paris, London and Oxford with his colleague Johann Karl Thilo (1794–1853) for the examination of rare oriental manuscripts, and in 1835 to England and the Netherlands in connection with his Phoenician studies. He became the most popular teacher of Hebrew and of Old Testament introduction and exegesis in Germany; during his later years his lectures were attended by nearly five hundred students. Among his pupils the most eminent were Peter von Bohlen, C. P. W. Gramberg, A. G. Hoffmann, Hermann Hupfeld, Emil Rödiger, J. F. Tuch, Johann Karl Wilhelm
and Theodor Benfey.
These documentary approaches were in competition with two other models, the fragmentary and the supplementary. The fragmentary hypothesis argued that fragments of varying lengths, rather than continuous documents, lay behind the Torah; this approach accounted for the Torah's diversity but could not account for its structural consistency, particularly regarding chronology. The supplementary hypothesis was better able to explain this unity: it maintained that the Torah was made up of a central core document, the Elohist, supplemented by fragments taken from many sources. The supplementary approach was dominant by the early 1860s, but it was challenged by an important book published by Hermann Hupfeld in 1853, who argued that the Pentateuch was made up of four documentary sources, the Priestly, Yahwist, and Elohist intertwined in Genesis-Exodus-Leviticus-Numbers, and the stand-alone source of Deuteronomy. At around the same period Karl Heinrich Graf argued that the Yahwist and Elohist were the earliest sources and the Priestly source the latest, and Wilhelm
linked the four to an evolutionary framework, the Yahwist and Elohist to a time of primitive nature and fertility cults, the Deuteronomist to the ethical religion of the Hebrew prophets, and the Priestly source to a form of religion dominated by ritual, sacrifice and law.
In 1848 Carl Heinrich 'Bipontinus' Schultz described "Schnittspahnia rueppellii", which he assigned to the Annonaceae, based on a specimen that was collected by Eduard Rüppell and Georg Wilhelm Schimper, from high elevations in the Semien Mountains in Ethiopia, and now reside in the Kew herbarium. Georg Carl Wilhelm
realised this plant belonged to the Asteraceae, and renamed it to "Landtia rueppellii" in 1875. Karl August Otto Hoffmann thought the species should be assigned to the genus "Arctotis", creating the new combination "A. rueppellii" in 1895. A plant collected by Ernest Edward Galpin on Mount Kinangop in the southern Aberdare Range of Kenya, and also kept at Kew, was regarded different enough by the very young John Hutchinson, who named it "Landtia lobulata" in 1914. Gustave Beauverd merged the genus "Landtia" with "Haplocarpha", and created the new combination "H. rueppellii" in 1915. Later, in 1930, Hutchinson and Marion Beatrice Moss described a plant collected by Arthur Disbrowe Cotton on Mount Kilimanjaro, since stored at Kew, naming it "Landtia kilimanjarica". All of these names are now regarded synonymous.
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