Synonyms for voraussetzungen or Related words with voraussetzungen
Examples of "voraussetzungen"
Vogt's music was published by Breitkopf & Härtel, Bärenreiter, and Bote & Bock. He also published books, "Neue Musik seit 1945" (New Music since 1945), ISBN 3-15-010203-0, and "Johann Sebastian Bachs Kammermusik:
, Analysen, Einzelwerke" (Johann Sebastian Bach's chamber Music: background, analysis, works), Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-15-010298-7. The latter was translated to English and published in Portland, Oregon, in 1988, ISBN 0-931340-04-7, and to Spanish, published in Barcelona in 1993, ISBN 84-335-7880-4.
Bernstein advocated for revisionism with a series of articles on the "Problems of Socialism" between 1896-98, and later a book, "Die
des Sozialismus und die Aufgaben der Sozialdemokratie" ("The Prerequisites for Socialism and the Tasks of Social Democracy"), published in 1899. The SPD leadership did not officially support or reject Bernstein's views. Revolutionary activist Alexander Parvus responded with a series of vehement criticisms in early 1898 that led the issue into open debate within the party.
In 1949 Bauer embarked on a two-year study period at The Party's Karl Marx Academy, after which he went on to become successively an assistant, a teacher and then deputy head of the History department. Between 1954 and 1958 he undertook at the Institute for Social Sciences run by the Communist Party Central Committee in Moscow. He received his doctorate for a dissertation entitled "Precondidions and Groundrules for the November 1918 Revolution in Germany (Stage 1)" (""
und Grundzüge der in Deutschland - 1. Etappe)""), From 1958 till 1962 Roland Bauer was a member of the management team at the Karl Marx Academy, after which he became its deputy head.
Cremer was the author of a biblico-theological lexicon of New Testament Greek, titled "Biblisch-theologisches Wörterbuch der neutestamentlichen Gräcität". This work was published over several editions and also translated into English as "Biblico-theological lexicon of New Testament Greek" (1895). Another significant work was a book on the Pauline Doctrine of Justification called "Paulinische Rechtfertigungslehre im Zusammenhange ihrer geschichtlichen
" (1899). In 1897, with Adolf Schlatter (1852-1938), he founded the magazine "Beiträge zur Förderung christlicher Theologie" ("Articles for the Promotion of Christian Theology").
des Sozialismus" (1899) was Bernstein's most significant work. Bernstein was principally concerned with refuting Marx's predictions about the imminent and inevitable demise of capitalism, and Marx's consequent laissez faire policy which opposed ameliorative social interventions before the demise. Bernstein indicated simple facts that he considered to be evidence that Marx's predictions were not being borne out: he noted that the centralisation of capitalist industry, while significant, was not becoming wholescale and that the ownership of capital was becoming more, and not less, diffuse. Bernstein's analysis of agriculture (according to which Bernstein believed that land ownership was becoming less concentrated) was largely based on the work of Eduard David, and was in its marshaling of facts was impressive enough that even his orthodox opponent Karl Kautsky acknowledged its value.
However, in 1933, Count Karl Wilczek, another family friend who was also an art historian, recommended Seilern take private lessons with the great Hungarian art historian Johannes Wilde, very soon a mentor who was to become a lifelong friend. Seilern shortly afterwards enrolled at Vienna University to study the history of art with Karl Maria Swoboda, Julius Schlosser and Hans Sedlmayr. Unusually, perhaps, his subsidiary subject at university was "Kinderpsychologie" (Child Psychology), taught by a lady who was a pupil of Sigmund Freud and who was vouched for by his friend Jan van Gelder. Seilern wrote his doctoral dissertation on the Venetian influences on the ceiling paintings of Sir Peter Paul Rubens ("Die venezianischen
der Denkenmalerei des Peter Paul Rubens") which he completed in 1939. Rubens remained a lifelong passion and he later remarked, "Everything connected with Rubens interests me."
As a reaction to government prosecution, the Erfurt Program of 1891 was more radical than the Gotha Program of 1875, demanding nationalization of Germany's major industries. However, the party began to move away from revolutionary socialism at the turn of the 20th century. Bernstein authored a series of articles on the "Problems of Socialism" between 1896 and 1898, and later a book, "Die
des Sozialismus und die Aufgaben der Sozialdemokratie" ("The Prerequisites for Socialism and the Tasks of Social Democracy"), published in 1899, in which he argued that the winning of reforms under capitalism would be enough to bring about socialism. Radical party activist Rosa Luxemburg accused Bernstein of revisionism and argued against his ideas in her pamphlet Social Reform or Revolution, and Bernstein's program was not adopted by the party. However, the increasing loyalty of the party establishment towards Emperor and Reich, coupled with its antipathy toward Tsarist Russia, led the party under Bebel's successor Friedrich Ebert to support granting war credits to fund the German effort in World War I.
Eckart Kehr (21 June 1902 in Brandenburg an der Havel, Brandenburg, Germany – 29 May 1933 in Washington, D.C.) was a Marxist German historian, one of the first historians to emphasize the importance of social structure and economic interests in influencing political decisions instead of heroic personalities. A student of Friedrich Meinecke, whom he broke from, he was called the "enfant terrible" of the German historical profession during the Weimar Republic. His most important work is his 1930 doctoral thesis "Schlachtflottenbau und Parteipolitik 1894-1901: Versuch eines Querschnitts durch die innenpolitischen, sozialen und ideologischen
des deutschen Imperialismus " (Battle Fleet Construction and Party Politics in Germany, 1894-1901: A Cross-Section of the Political, Social and Ideological Preconditions of German Imperialism) (published in 1931), which describes the domestic economic sources of Germany's naval policy during the years 1894 to 1901, reversing the cherished doctrine of Leopold von Ranke of the primacy of foreign policy in the life of the German state and opposing the dominant German historicism in favor of a Marxist-Weberian theory emphasizing economics and class struggle, claiming that plutocratic industrialists (bourgeoisie) and agrarian Junkers (nobles) formed power structures ("feudalization of the bourgeoisie") to influence policymakers in their fight against radical democratic forces even when it hurt Germany and caused it to become isolated. The monograph gained slow acceptance, and his arrogant tone and historical mistakes (the bourgeois-noble alliance wasn't so solid) held it back for decades, until West German historian Hans Ulrich Wehler et al. revived it to create the Bielefeld School of social history in the 1960s-1970s. It is now considered a classic in the history of the Germany of Kaiser Wilhelm I.
However, in 1895, Engels was deeply distressed when he discovered that his introduction to a new edition of "The Class Struggles in France", written by Marx in 1850, had been edited by Bernstein and Kautsky in a manner which left the impression that he had become a proponent of a peaceful road to socialism. On April 1, 1895, four months before his death, Engels wrote to Kautsky:“I was amazed to see today in the "Vorwärts" an excerpt from my ‘Introduction’ that had been "printed without my knowledge" and tricked out in such a way as to present me as a peace-loving proponent of legality "quand même" (at all costs). Which is all the more reason why I should like it to appear in its entirety in the "Neue Zeit" in order that this disgraceful impression may be erased. I shall leave Liebknecht in no doubt as to what I think about it and the same applies to those who, irrespective of who they may be, gave him this opportunity of perverting my views and, what’s more, without so much as a word to me about it.”In 1891, he was one of the authors of the Erfurt Program, and from 1896 to 1898, he published a series of articles entitled "Probleme des Sozialismus" ("Problems of Socialism") that resulted in the revisionism debate in the SPD. He also published a book titled "Die
des Sozialismus und die Aufgaben der Sozialdemokratie" ("The Prerequisites for Socialism and the Tasks of Social Democracy") in 1899. The book was in great contrast to the positions of August Bebel, Karl Kautsky and Wilhelm Liebknecht. Rosa Luxemburg's 1900 essay "Reform or Revolution?" was also a polemic against Bernstein's position. In 1900, Berstein published "Zur Geschichte und Theorie des Sozialismus" ("The history and theory of socialism," 1900).
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