Synonyms for wesendonck or Related words with wesendonck
Examples of "wesendonck"
died in Altmünster (Austria) in 1902, and she is buried at the Alten Friedhof with the
family in Bonn, Germany.
Wagner: Stehe still, Träume and Schmerzen from
(23 December 182831 August 1902) was a German poet and author. She is best known as the friend and possible paramour of Richard Wagner, who set five songs to her words, called the "
In the 19th century it was bought by the German merchant Otto
in an independent municipality near Zurich. Through the well-known architect Leonhard Zeugheer, he established the Villa
and hired the gardener Theodor Froebel to design the extensive park and gardens.
After Wagner's affair with Mathilde
in 1857, Minna mostly lived apart from him. In later years she developed a heart condition which ultimately claimed her life.
The songs are settings of poems by Mathilde
, the wife of one of Richard Wagner's patrons. Wagner had become acquainted with Otto
in Zurich, where he had fled on his escape from Saxony after the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849. For a time Wagner and his wife Minna lived together in the "" (German for "Asylum" in the sense of "sanctuary"), a small cottage on the
estate. It is sometimes claimed that Wagner and Mathilde had a love affair; in any case, the situation and mutual infatuation certainly contributed to the intensity in the conception of "Tristan und Isolde".
was portrayed by Valentina Cortese in the 1955 film "Magic Fire", and by Marthe Keller in the 1983 film "Wagner".
A second source of inspiration was Wagner's infatuation with the poet-writer Mathilde
, the wife of the silk merchant Otto
. Wagner met the Wesendoncks, who were both great admirers of his music, in Zürich in 1852. From May 1853 onwards
made several loans to Wagner to finance his household expenses in Zürich, and in 1857 placed a cottage on his estate at Wagner's disposal, which became known as the "Asyl" ("asylum" or "place of rest"). During this period, Wagner's growing passion for his patron's wife inspired him to put aside work on the "Ring" cycle (which was not resumed for the next twelve years) and begin work on "Tristan". While planning the opera, Wagner composed the "
Lieder," five songs for voice and piano, setting poems by Mathilde. Two of these settings are explicitly subtitled by Wagner as "studies for "Tristan und Isolde"".
In 1945, after a referendum on the matter, the city of Zurich bought a 68,000 m2 large area of Rieterpark and Villa
for 2.9 million francs from the Rieter family. Through a popular decision in 1949, the Villa
was renovated and became a museum for non-European culture. Baron Eduard von der Heydt of the City of Zurich, donated and led to the establishment of the Rietberg Museum in 1952. This was extended in 2007.
According to his own account, recorded in his autobiography ', Wagner conceived "Parsifal" on Good Friday morning, April 1857, in the ' (German: "Asylum"), the small cottage on Otto Wesendonck's estate in the Zürich suburb of Enge, which
– a wealthy silk merchant and generous patron of the arts – had placed at Wagner's disposal, through the good offices of his wife Mathilde
. The composer and his wife Minna had moved into the cottage on 28 April:
In the early 1940s the city of Zürich purchased the Rieterpark and the
Villa. In 1949 the
Villa was selected, by referendum, to be rebuilt into a museum for the Baron Eduard von der Heydt's art collection, which he had donated to the city in 1945. This was carried out in 1951-52 under the architect Alfred Gradmann. The Rietberg Museum was opened on 24 May 1952. Until 1956 the director was Johannes Itten, the Swiss expressionist painter.
The waltzes were orchestrated by a champion of Chabrier's works, conductor-composer Felix Mottl, who also made the orchestral version of the same composer's Bourrée fantasque and Wagner's
Wagner was forced to abandon his position as conductor of the Dresden Opera in 1849, as there was a warrant posted for his arrest for his participation in the unsuccessful May Revolution. He left his wife, Minna, in Dresden, and fled to Zürich. There, in 1852, he met the wealthy silk trader Otto
became a supporter of Wagner and bankrolled the composer for several years. Wesendonck's wife, Mathilde, became enamoured of the composer. Though Wagner was working on his epic "Der Ring des Nibelungen", he found himself intrigued by the legend of Tristan and Iseult.
Wagner's health deteriorates and he suffers from various illnesses. Mathilde
, the wife of wealthy silk merchant Otto
, becomes yet another one of his patrons and offers him the cottage on her estate as his residence. Once installed in the cottage, Wagner begins a passionate correspondence with Mathilde, which upsets both Mathilde's husband, Otto, and Wagner's wife, Minna, who seeks solace in increasing amounts of laudanum. Wagner, who starts composing "Tristan und Isolde" for Mathilde, is also visited by his good friend Hans von Bülow, and his new bride Cosima, Liszt's daughter. After a while, Minna works up the courage to confront Wagner and Mathilde about their correspondence.
The Rietberg Museum is situated in the Rieterpark in central Zürich, and consists of several historic buildings: the
Villa, the Remise (or "Depot"), the Rieter Park-Villa, and the Schönberg Villa. In 2007 a new building designed by Alfred Grazioli and Adolf Krischanitz was opened – the addition of this largely subterranean building, known as "Smaragd", more than doubled the museum's exhibition space.
Considered by her colleagues a Master Trainer, she has been invited by many institutions to hold master classes on vocal technique and interpretation of standard operatic repertory and to perform rarely performed song cycles such as Berlioz's "Nuits d'Ete," Wagner's "
Lieder," Richard Strauss's "Vier letzte Lieder," Kalomiris's "Magic Herbs," etc.
Writing to Marie Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1857, Wagner refers to the girl as 'Savitri' and suggests a three-act structure. He further wrote about the project to Mathilde
from Venice in 1858, comparing himself and Mathilde to Ananda and Savitri.
In 2008 she was forced to suspend her singing career due to neuro-muscular spasms in her neck. She returned to the stage in May 2011, in a recital with Simone Young on piano. In August 2013, she made her return to the Sydney Symphony, performing Wagner's "
Sass has made several recordings of arias, Lieder, and complete operas, notably "Bluebeard's Castle" and "Don Giovanni", both conducted by Sir Georg Solti, Verdi's "I Lombardi", "Ernani", "Attila", "Macbeth", "Stiffelio", all conducted by Lamberto Gardelli, as well as Cherubini's "Médée" (in the Italian version), again with Gardelli, Richard Strauss's "Four Last Songs" and Richard Wagner's "
Wagner's composition of "Tristan und Isolde" was inspired by the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer (particularly "The World as Will and Representation"), as well as by Wagner's affair with Mathilde
. Widely acknowledged as one of the peaks of the operatic repertoire, "Tristan" was notable for Wagner's unprecedented use of chromaticism, tonality, orchestral colour and harmonic suspension.
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