Synonyms for yazgulyam or Related words with yazgulyam
Examples of "yazgulyam"
The Shughni, Sarikoli, and
languages belong to the Shughni-Yazgulami branch. There are about 75,000 speakers of languages in this family in Afghanistan and Tajikistan (including the dialects of Rushani, Bartangi, Oroshor, Khufi, and Shughni). In 1982, there were about 20,000 speakers of Sarikoli in the Sarikol Valley located in the Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County in Xinjiang Province, China. Shughni and Sarikoli are not mutually intelligible.(citation?) In 1994, there were 4000 speakers of
River in Tajikistan.
is not written.
people are an exception among the speakers of Pamir languages in that they do not adhere to Ismailism.
, alternatively spelt Yazgulyami, Yazgulami, Yazgulomi, and Iazgulemi, may refer to:
River (also spelled Yazgulem River) is a tributary of the Panj (upper Oxus) in Vanj district, western Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
In 1996 during the Tajik civil war, there was some fighting in
Gorge between Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan mujahidin and Tajik troops.
South, on the other side of the Vanj Range, is the valley of the
River. The Vanji language, formerly spoken in the valley, is extinct.
Twelve languages are spoken in the city, including Dari Persian, Khowar, Wakhi, Munji, Pashto, Ishkashimi,
, Sarikoli, Shughni, Rushani, Uzbek and Turkmen.
No features uniting the Pamir languages as a single subgroup of Iranian have been demonstrated. The Ethnologue lists Pamir languages along with Pashto as Southeastern Iranian, however, according to Encyclopedia Iranica, Pamir languages and Pashto belong to the North-Eastern Iranian branch. Members of the Pamir language area include four reliable groups: a Shughni-
group including Shughni, Sarikoli, and
; Munji and Yidgha; Ishkashimi and related dialects; and Wakhi. They have the subject-object-verb syntactic typology.
language (also Yazgulyami, Iazgulem, Yazgulam; ) is a member of the Southeastern subgroup of the Iranian languages, spoken by ca. 4,000 native speakers in 1994 along the
River, Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan. Together with Shugni, it is classified in a Shugni-Yazgulami subgroup, as well as a part of the areal group of Pamir languages. Virtually all speakers are bilingual in the Tajik language.
In the past tense,
has tripartite marking—one of the very few languages in the world to have it at all. This means that the subject of an intransitive sentence is treated differently from both the subject and the object of a transitive sentence.
Vanj (Vandzh, Vanch; , 1722 m) is the capital of the Vanj district in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Tajikistan. Vanj lies on the lower course of the Vanj River, a tributary of the Panj, separated from the
River to the south by the Vanj Range.
To the west is the Academy of Sciences Range, Mount Garmo, Ismoil Somoni Peak, Peak Korzhenevskaya and the headwaters of the Vanj River and
River. To the south is Independence Peak and to the east Gorbunov Peak (6,025 meters). To the north is Altyn Mazar.
GBAO is home to a number of distinct languages and dialects of the Pamir languages group. The Pamiri language speakers represented in Gorno-Badakshan are speakers of Shughni, Rushani, Wakhi, Ishkashimi, Sarikoli, Bartangi, Khufi,
, and Oroshani. Vanji, formerly spoken in the Vanj River valley, became extinct in the 19th century.
It lies to the south of the Academy of Sciences Range, between the Darvaz Range to the north and the Yazgulem Range to the south. Running parallel to them, it separates the valleys of the Vanj River and the
River. The total glaciated area of the range is 164 km².
The Vanji language was spoken in the Vanj river valley the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in Tajikistan, and was related to
. In the 19th century, the region was forcibly annexed to the Bukharan Emirate and a violent assimilation campaign was undertaken. By the end of the 19th century the Vanji language had disappeared, displaced by Tajik Persian.
It is located in Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province stretches for about 170 km between the
River and the Bartang River in the western Pamirs. The range rises in a north-eastern direction from the border with Afghanistan toward its highest elevation at Independence Peak, former 'Revolution Peak' (6,974 m). The average elevation ranges between 4,500 and 6,000 m. Glaciers cover about 630 km of the range, including the Fedchenko Glacier stretching northwards.
Ishkashimi is closely related to Zebaki and Sanglechi, spoken in Afghanistan. Ishkashimi was once classified with Sanglechi by its parent family, Sanglechi-Ishkashimi. On January 18, 2010, the parent language was retired and split into what are now Sanglechi and Ishkashimi. This subfamily has been considered a part of a group of Pamir languages together with the Wakhi language and a subgroup comprising Shughni, Rushani, Sarikoli,
among others. However, this is an areal rather than genetic grouping.
It is located east of the Panj River at the point where the Panj turns from north to west. It is roughly rectangular, tending to the southwest. It is bounded on the west by the Panj River and Afghanistan, on the northwest by Darvoz District, on the north by the Darvoz Range and Farkhor District of Khatlon Province, on the east (approximately) by the Academy of Science Range and Murghob District and on the south by the Yazgulem Range and Rushon District. It corresponds to the valleys of the Vanj River (north) and the
River (south), separated by the Vanj Range.
The neighboring Indo-Aryan languages have exerted a pervasive external influence on the closest neighbouring Eastern Iranian, as it is evident in the development in the retroflex consonants (in Pashto, Wakhi, Sanglechi, Khotanese, etc.) and aspirates (in Khotanese, Parachi and Ormuri). A more localized sound change is the backing of the former retroflex fricative "ṣ̌" , to "x̌" or to "x" , found in the Shughni–
branch and certain dialects of Pashto. E.g. "meat": "ɡuṣ̌t" in Wakhi and "γwaṣ̌a" in Southern Pashto, but changes to "guxt" in Shughni, "γwax̌a" in Central Pashto and "γwaxa" in Northern Pashto.
The phonology of the
language differs from the basic "Shugni-Roshani" type in its system of dorsal consonants: in addition to the velar and uvular stops "g, k, q" and fricatives "x̌, γ̌, x, γ,", Yazgulami has a palatalized and a labialized series, transcribed as "ḱ, ǵ" (palatalized velars), "k° g° x̌°" (labialized velars, there is no labialized velar voiced fricative) and "q° x° γ°" (labialized uvulars). A significant number of labialized consonants etymologically correspond to Proto-Iranian "*Cv" or "*Cu", e.g. "x̌°arg" < "*hvaharā-" "sister", while others are unrelated to Proto-Iranian "v", e.g. "sk°on" < "skana-" "puppy".
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